This comes from the London Health Sciences Centre (LHSC) Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Group I attended. I take no credit for the information I share here. Please also understand this information is being provided for informational purposes only, and I would strongly encourage you to speak with your doctor or health care professional if you have any questions about what you read here. I hope you will find the following information is beneficial.
As you may know there are positive stressors that can, for example, help motivates us into a positive action and there are also negative stressors that can impact us on many levels and interfere with our daily functioning.
"Stress" can be defined as a strain felt by a person: mentally, emotionally, and/or physically.
We are going to review common causes of stress.
Causes of Stress
- physical or environmental stressors - usually to your sense of safety and/or comfort level (i.e. loud crowds, confined spaces)
- social stressors - interaction with others, especially unpleasant individuals
- institutional stressors - rules, regulations, deadlines etc.
- major life events - new relationships, marriage, divorce, children born, death, moving, promotion, change in jobs etc.
- daily hassles - small or repeated annoyances in everyday living (house or maintenance work, too much to do,driving in rush hour traffic, parking, heath issues etc)
- health habits - caffeine, insufficient sleep, poor nutrition, tobacco, drugs
- overloaded schedule, insufficient leisure or poor work-life balance
- long work hours, shift work, long commuting/travel
- financial over-extension
- social isolation or over involvement
- critical, judgmental, insulting or blaming thoughts, put-downs
- bossiness ("you should have done...: and "you must do...")
- destructive emotions; guilt, worry, regret, resentment, self-pity, jealousy
- negative filters; pessimism, cynicism, defeatism, skepticism, suspicion
- undermining or self-defeating comparison
- ruminating, wallowing, over-analyzing and second guessing
- perceiving something as a danger or threat
- feeling a lack of control
- judging something to be a problem
- jumping to conclusions about other people's motives
- feeling "not good" about yourself
- unrealistic expectations
- over-identifying with rules, job, title possessions, etc
- taking things personally
- taking on other people's problems as your own
- exaggerating or generalizing
- all or nothing thinking
- outdated beliefs
- inaccurate beliefs
- self-limiting beliefs
- negative beliefs
- rigid beliefs
- "Type A" personalities